Friday, November 26, 2010
Thursday, November 25, 2010
Wednesday, November 24, 2010
The long awaited final volume of Edmund Morris' three-volume life of Theodore Roosevelt - Colonel Roosevelt - is also in the bookstores. I haven't read it yet, but the NPR interview with Morris about the post-presidential life of the great TR was absolutely fascinating. The first two volumes of this trio were simply superb history and biography and, I'm betting, the final volume will be just as good.
The New York Times said of Morris' opus that it "deserves to stand as the definitive study of its restless, mutable, ever-boyish, erudite and tirelessly energetic subject. Mr. Morris has addressed the toughest and most frustrating part of Roosevelt’s life with the same care and precision that he brought to the two earlier installments. And if this story of a lifetime is his own life’s work, he has reason to be immensely proud."
Two new books on United States foreign policy in the post-war world deserve praise. Presidential historian Robert Dallek has produced an assessment of the post-World War II blunders of most of the world's major leaders - Truman, Stalin, de Gaulle, Churchill, among others. The book - The Lost Peace - argues that the Cold War wasn't inevitable and might well have been avoided.
Dallek reminds us, for example, that Vietnamese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh spent significant time during his younger days in the United States, Britain and France. Ho's guerrilla activities, aimed at the Japanese and Vichy France during the war, were all about Vietnamese nationalism. Dallek makes a compelling case that a lack of imagination on the part of American policy makers coupled with de Gaulle's desire to maintain French colonies after the war pushed Ho toward open confrontation with the West. Ho repeatedly petitioned President Truman for acknowledgement of Vietnamese aspirations for independence. Truman never responded.
Another book of note examines the Cold War from the perspective of two giants of American foreign policy from the 1940's to the end of the century. The Hawk and The Dove by Nicholas Thompson tells the story of the friendship and rivalry between "the hawk" Paul Nitze, a career Washington policy insider, and "the dove" George Kennan, a Soviet expert who spent most of his life trying to influence policy from the outside. Thompson is a deft storyteller and great researcher who is also Nitze's grandson, but he never plays favorites.
As the Washington Post said, "In this important and astute new study, Nitze emerges as a driven patriot and Kennan as a darkly conflicted and prophetic one."
Late in life the two brilliant men reconciled their political differences and Nitze, while never admitting it, came to embrace Kennan's view that nuclear weapons must be reduced and eventually eliminated. This is a great book if you want to better understand American foreign policy from Roosevelt to Reagan.
If you're not quite ready to tackle Sarah Palin's latest, any one of these four very good books will provide real insight into American politics and history and provide a great way to spend a winter evening or weekend.
Tuesday, November 23, 2010
Friday, November 19, 2010
Eliminating earmarks, even if the ban is strongly enforced and enterprising appropriators resist finding ways to finesse the ban, will reduce the budget by a tiny, tiny fraction. It's the equivalent of filling your gas tank with 50 bucks worth of fuel and then not squeezing the last three or four cents of gas into the tank. You might save a few cents at the pump, but you've still spent 50 dollars on gas. Former Sen. Alan Simpson of Wyoming, the co-chair of the controversial deficit reduction commission, dismisses the earmark ban as "sparrow belch." I think that means not consequential.
Earmarks are not the problem with the federal budget - not even close. The real problem is to provide a factual, realistic framework for what needs to be done to control the budget; a framework that the American public can understand. In short, political leaders need to do something that has virtually disappeared in our politics - they need to educate and inform in a sensible, candid manner.
If we devote all of the future debate about the budget to sideshows like bans on earmarks, the American people will never get engaged on what really needs to be done. Certainly there have been abuses of the earmark. Randy "Duke" Cunningham is in federal prison for essentially selling earmarks for political and personal favors, but the earmark is also the way a small state secures research dollars for a state university or a small hospital gets new equipment.
Banning earmarks will thwart another Duke Cunningham, but the cure may be worst than the disease and, fundamentally, a ban won't mean a thing to the deficit.
Other emerging strategies won't do much either. New GOP leaders in the Congress are proposing, as a budget strategy, a return to 2008 or earlier budget levels. Such a move might cut $100 billion in spending. The current deficit is about $1.3 trillion.
Small steps, including symbolic cuts like banning earmarks, don't just fail to address the deficit problem they risk being intellectually dishonest and they may serve to avoid doing what is really necessary - a wholesale assessment of spending and taxing and significant adjustments in both.
You can see why politicians are reluctant to engage in this serious conversation. Closer to home, a new poll in Idaho shows how vast the disconnect has become between public wants and public realism and understanding. The new poll says, in essence, that Idahoans, with the legislature facing a $340 million deficit at the state level, want no more budget cuts and no tax increases. Oh, if pressed, we could handle a big increase in the cigarette tax. This is the cake and eat too approach to fiscal reality.
The wise and measured Fareed Zakaria, writing in TIME, wonders if this looming debate over the budget and the deficit signals a fundamental turning point in American fortunes. "Historians may well look back," he says, "and say this was the point at which the U.S. began its long and seemingly irreversible decline."
It may indeed be a rare moment in American history when serious people step forward to talk about serious issues, or we may just settle for banning earmarks.